Artists who make figurative sculptures
with expressive poses

John Ahearn
• a brief biography and a photo of one of
his realistic cast sculptures of people in the Bronx.

Camille Claudel
• a profile of Claudel and a discussion of the misattribution of some of her work to Rodin
more photos of Claudel’s work

Duane Hansen
photos of Hansen’s superrealist everyday people

Luis Jimenez
use ARTCYCLOPEDIA to find photos of Jimenez’s colorful, monumental fiberglass sculptures

Edmonia Lewis
each page includes a brief biography and image of this African American artist, also photos of her carved marble sculptures
site 1
site 2

August Rodin
Musee de Rodin, artist biography and many photographs and descriptions of sculptures

Artists who have made sculptures of
non-traditional materials

Andy Goldsworthy
a Smithsonian Magazine article and pictures of Goldsworthy’s temporary artworks created from natural materials

David Hammons
• use ARTCYCLOPEDIA to find biographies and photographs of assemblage sculptures by this enigmatic African American conceptual artist

Jeff Koons
photographs of a variety of the psuedo-kitsch work of Koons

Ana Mendieta
use ARTCYCLOPEDIA to find use photographs of Mendieta’s works, which explore the female form in relationship to the landscape and elements such as earth and fire

Meret Oppenheim
a photograph of her famous surrealist object, the fur lined teacup and spoon. in a great list of women artists, Medieval to Modern 700 Women Artists through Time
a surrealist site with a number of Oppenheim works--The Department of Objects and Delusions

Marc Quinn
a photograph of Mark Quinn’s eerie self-portrait head cast in frozen blood

Miriam Schapiro
overview of her 30 year retrospective, including her mixed media works that Schapiro termed "femmage" because they were assemblages that made use of traditional women’s materials such a fabric and crochetwork.

Andy Goldsworthy
Andy Goldsworthy makes temporary sculptures in nature. He uses found materials such as rocks, leaves, twigs, and feathers. He doesn't use any glue or nails to create the artwork. His pieces are held together by balance, by interweaving branches, and by using ice or water as an adhesive. His work is mostly known through his photographs. After he has photographed a work he leaves it to deteriorate and return to a natural state.

"Fixed ideas prevent me from seeing clearly. My art makes me see again what is there, and in this respect I am also rediscovering the child within me. In the past I have felt uncomfortable when my work has been associated with children because of the implication that what I do is merely play. Since having children of my own, however, and seeing the intensity with which they discover through play, I have to acknowledge this in my work as well.

"I had to forget my idea of nature and learn again that stone is hard and in so doing found that it is also soft. I tore leaves, broke stones, cut feathers. . . in order to go beyond appearances and touch on something of the essence. I would often start by clearing a space in which to work and put things - place was as closely cropped as the material.

"I cannot disconnect materials as I used to. My strongest work now is so rooted in place that it cannot be separated from where it is made - the work is the place. Atmosphere and feeling now direct me more than the picking of a leaf, stick, stone . . .

"Inevitably materials and places gather associations and meanings as my work develops, but in ways that draw me deeper into nature rather than distracting me from
it. What I could previously see only by working close up is now also visible to me from a distance. I now want to understand the untorn leaf, the uncut feather, the uncleared space . . . and to perceive all materials as the same energy revealed differently.

"I do not simply cover rocks. I need to understand the nature that is in all things. Stone is wood, water, earth, grass . . . I am interested in the binding of time in materials and
places that reveals the stone in a flower and the flower in a stone.

"It is difficult for a sculptor to work with petals, flowers and leaves because of their decorative associations. I cannot understand nature without knowing both the stone and the flower. I work with each as they are - powerful in their own ways - the flesh and bones of nature."

Andy Goldsworthy from Stone, Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1994


Jeff Koons
Jeff Koons has created many sculptures of familiar consumer goods - mylar balloon rabbits, Popples stuffed animals, and kitschy figurines. The shock of this work comes from making these things in durable refined artist materials. What does it mean to have a bunny balloon made in beautiful and durable stainless steel or to make a Popples in delicate porcelain?

"In terms of first-person experience, I still recall the shock of my initial confrontation with Koons's lovingly hideous and accurate reconstructions of the lowest levels of three-dimensional kitsch, from porcelain Pink Panthers and Popples to painted wooden bears and angels. We all, of course, have been seeing this kind of stuff for years in every shopping centre and tourist trap, but never before have we been forced, as one is in a gallery setting, to look head on and up close at its mind-boggling ugliness and deliriously vapid expressions."

Robert Rosenblum from The Jeff Koons Handbook, Rizzoli, New York, 1992.